Tirana is the capital and largest city by area and population of the Republic of Albania. Tirana flourished as a city in 1614 but the region that today corresponds to the city’s territory has been continuously inhabited since the Iron Age.
Tirana is located in the center of Albania and is enclosed by mountains and hills with Mount Dajt elevating on the east and a slight valley on the northwest overlooking the Adriatic Sea in the distance. Due to its location within the Plain of Tirana and the close proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, the city is particularly influenced by a Mediterranean seasonal climate. It is among the wettest and sunniest cities in Europe, with 2,544 hours of sun per year.